The project chips
The region of Huancavelica is considered the poorest department in Peru with a significant food insecurity . 88% of the population is poor, 74% extremely poor . It has been widely affected by the violence of the Shining Path and the military repression , marking deeply the population. The region is composed of agricultural lands and pastures and the lifestyle is in communities.
A multiplicity of public institutions and NGOs are active in the region, without necessarily incorporating the voice of the population. Public and para public investment for development are made in infrastructure and very little in the development of "human resources". For their part, rural communities have no access to spaces for dialogue and decision-making where they could exercise their right to access and participation.
Communities have however a richness : papas nativas. Not valued by the local market, papas nativas are mainly for family consumption. In the eyes of producers, they are primarily a legacy and an ancient culture.
In 2008, Agronomists and Veterinarians Without Borders (AVSF) decides on a development program to strengthen governance and promote the local economy of the peasant communities of Huancavelica. One of the thrusts of the program concerns the organization of production of native potatoes by the communities in the District of Pazos and processing into colored chips under the fair trade label with the support of Ethiquable.
AGROPIA, AVSF, Ethiquable ... Who does what? The work of AVSF consists of technical support to production, advice and support for the establishment of cooperatives, fair trade certification and organic farming, building on the theme of organizational leadership, processing and export of chips to external markets.
The work of Ethiquable is to define a product of interest to European consumers and ensure a commercial outlet for the chips.
The Ethiquable agronomist present in Latin America makes the liaison.
Website : http://www.ethiquable.be/
ORGANIZATION : The cooperative Agropia is the first organization of producers of these upland areas to directly manage the commercialization of native potato: production, processing into chips and direct export to Ethiquable.
INCOME : The marketing of native colored potatoes allows an additional income of approximately 2000 soles per year (about 15% on average for a family).
PASSAGE IN BIO : the biggest positive effects of the project are the transition to organic cultivation of the potato. The area of Pazos is strongly affected by a pest, a type of beetle, which acts on the production cycle of the potato. His eviction without recourse to chemicals called an important work that combines traditional and technical inventiveness.
LOCAL MARKET : The launch of chips allowed to share these forgotten varieties that are not sold on the local market: a specific market is beginning to emerge in major supermarkets in Lima
EDUCATION : The Peruvian government has a tendency to send poorly skilled teachers to these remote villages. Therefore, children rarely continue their education through high school. What follows is a vicious circle that blocks the development of an entire population. To get a better level of education it is up to the community itself to hire a good teacher, something made possible by providing him an additional income.
The Frietmuseum sells these chips in the museum shop to help this initiative.